The African Green Pigeon (Treron calvus) is a species of bird in the Columbidae family which occur through large areas of sub-Saharan Africa, from Senegal southwards, the range of the African green pigeon within the southern African region is limited to the wetter north and east. They frequent dense wooded areas, such as riparian and other forests, particularly where there are fig trees.
The African green pigeons are rare, and are the only green pigeons in the southern African region.Their grey and brown cousins are drab by comparison.
African green pigeons are fairly large birds. The sexes are alike both in size and plumage coloration. They are green or greyish-green, with lilac carpal patches and bright yellow leggings. Their bills are red with a white tip; feet are red and eyes are bluish-white.
African green pigeons are monogamous and they build a flimsy platform-like nest high up in a leafy tree. The female lays one or two eggs that hatch after an incubation period of about 14 days.
African green pigeons eat mainly fruit, and in particular figs, but they also eat seeds. They generally feed in the high canopies of fruit trees where their color provides a measure of camouflage, and seldom descend to the ground.